Timber floors is any material made from timbers, which is specifically designed for usage as interior flooring, either purely aesthetic or structural. Timber is a popular choice as an exterior flooring material because of its natural look and appearance and is available in a variety of different species, shades, patterns, and cuts. It is extensively used as a building material because of its high resistance to decay, scratches, spills, stains, dents, dirt, grease, and insect infestation. Also, timbers are resistant to any form of fire, such as electrical, gas, oil, or gas-fired appliances. Furthermore, the resiliency to being scratched, stained, or dented makes them ideal for use in areas where wear and tear of wooden flooring may occur.
Timber flooring can be installed as flat, slatted boards, or planks. The most commonly used timbers in timber floors are redwood, cedar, pine, and heart pine. Typically, wooden floors are constructed with planks of one to twelve inches in width, although smaller timbers such as bamboo may also be used. Common finishes include ultraviolet (UV), varnish, or paint. The advantage of timber floors is that they look good and can last for several years with proper maintenance and care.
Timber floors, unlike ceramic tiles and vinyl flooring, do not have the cleavages between the individual planks. This means that the boards are not “pinched” together by adjacent planks. Also, since timber floors are composed of different thicknesses of boards, the thickness of the finished floor also varies based on the subfloor layer. Lastly, because the main factor that affects the life and durability of timber floors is the number of layers of boards – the deeper the number of layers in the floor – the longer the floor will last.